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MSDS风险用语对照版  

2009-01-14 12:43:12|  分类: 翻译资源 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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R-phrases (short for Risk Phrases) are defined in Annex III of European Union Directive 67/548/EEC: Nature of special risks attributed to dangerous substances and preparations. The list was consolidated and republished in Directive 2001/59/EC, where translations into other EU languages may be found.
警示性质标准词(英语:Risk Phrases,简写:R-phrases)是于《欧联指导标准67/548/EEC 附录III: 有关危险物品与其储备的特殊风险性质》里定义。该列表被集中并再出版于指导标准2001/59/EC,读者于该处也可以找到其他欧联语系翻译。
These risk phrases are used internationally not just in Europe and there is an ongoing effort towards complete international harmonization. (Note: missing R-number combinations indicate phrases that were deleted or replaced by another phrase.)
该处安全建议标准词为国际通用,并不只是局限于欧洲,并且该标准词目前正致力于完成国际间的同调。注意:缺少R-号码的组合表示标准词被删除或者被其他标准词取代。
R1: Explosive when dry
R1:干燥时易爆
R2: Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
R2:受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有爆炸危险
R3: Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
R3:受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有极高爆炸危险
R4: Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds
R4:生成极敏感的爆炸性金属化合物
R5: Heating may cause an explosion
R5:受热可能引起爆炸
R6: Explosive with or without contact with air
R6:有无空气存在下均极容易爆炸
R7: May cause fire
R7:可能引起火灾
R8: Contact with combustible material may cause fire
R8:与可燃物质接触可能引起火灾
R9: Explosive when mixed with combustible material
R9:与可燃物质混合有爆炸性
R10: Flammable
R10:易燃
R11: Highly flammable
R11:高度易燃
R12: Extremely flammable
R12:极度易燃
R14: Reacts violently with water
R14:遇水反应剧烈
R15: Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases
R15:遇水释放极易燃烧的气体
R16: Explosive when mixed with oxidising substances
R16:与氧化性物质混合后有爆炸性
R17: Spontaneously flammable in air
R17:在空气中可自燃
R18: In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture
R18:使用时可能产生易燃易爆的蒸汽-空气混合物
R19: May form explosive peroxides
R19:可能生成爆炸性过氧化物
R20: Harmful by inhalation
R20:吸入有害
R21: Harmful in contact with skin
R21:与皮肤接触有害
R22: Harmful if swallowed
R22:吞食有害
R23: Toxic by inhalation
R23:吸入有毒
R24: Toxic in contact with skin
R24:与皮肤接触有毒
R25: Toxic if swallowed
R25:吞食有毒
R26: Very toxic by inhalation
R26:吸入有极高毒性
R27: Very toxic in contact with skin
R27:与皮肤接触有极高毒性
R28: Very toxic if swallowed
R28:吞食有极高毒性
R29: Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
R29:遇水释放有毒气体
R30: Can become highly flammable in use
R30:使用时高度易燃
R31: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas
R30:遇酸释放有毒气体
R32: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas
R32:与酸接触释放极高毒性气体
R33: Danger of cumulative effects
R33:有累积毒性的危险品
R34: Causes burns
R34:引起灼伤
R35: Causes severe burns
R35:引起严重灼伤
R36: Irritating to eyes
R36:刺激眼部
R37: Irritating to respiratory system
R37:刺激呼吸系统
R38: Irritating to skin
R38:刺激皮肤
R39: Danger of very serious irreversible effects
R39:有极严重的不可逆后果的危险品
R40: Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
R40:少数证据显示有致癌后果
R41: Risk of serious damage to eyes
R41:对眼睛有严重伤害
R42: May cause sensitisation by inhalation
R42:吸入可能导致过敏
R43: May cause sensitisation by skin contact
R43:与皮肤接触可能导致过敏
R44: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
R44:密闭加热有爆炸危险
R45: May cause cancer
R45:可能致癌
R46: May cause heritable genetic damage
R46:可能造成遗传基因损害
R48: Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
R48:长期接触严重危害健康
R49: May cause cancer by inhalation
R49:吸入可能致癌
R50: Very toxic to aquatic organisms
R50:对水生生物有极高毒性
R51: Toxic to aquatic organisms
R51:对水生生物有毒
R52: Harmful to aquatic organisms
R52:对水生生物有害
R53: May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R53:可能对水体环境产生长期不良影响
R54: Toxic to flora
R54:对植物有毒
R55: Toxic to fauna
R55:对动物有毒
R56: Toxic to soil organisms
R56:对土壤生物有毒
R57: Toxic to bees
R57:对蜂类有毒
R58: May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment
R58:可能对环境产生长期不良影响
R59: Dangerous for the ozone layer
R59:对臭氧层有危害
R60: May impair fertility
R60:可能损害生育能力
R61: May cause harm to the unborn child
R61:可能对胎儿造成伤害
R62: Possible risk of impaired fertility
R62:有损害生育能力的危险
R63: Possible risk of harm to the unborn child
R63:可能有对胎儿造成伤害的危险
R64: May cause harm to breast-fed babies
R64:可能对哺乳期婴儿造成伤害
R65: Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed
R65:吞食可能造成肺部损伤
R66: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
R66:长期接触可能引起皮肤干裂
R67: Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness
R67:蒸汽可能引起困倦和眩晕
R68: Possible risk of irreversible effects
R68:可能有不可逆后果的危险
R13: Extremely flammable liquefied gas.
R13:极度易燃的液化气体
R47: May cause birth defects.
R47:可能引起胎儿缺陷
Combinations
组合
R14/15: Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases
R14/15:遇水反应剧烈并释放极度易燃气体
R15/29: Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gases
R15/29:遇水释放有毒且极度易燃气体
R20/21: Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin
R20/21:吸入及皮肤接触有害
R20/22: Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed
R20/22:吸入及吞食有害
R20/21/22: Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R20/21/22:吸入、皮肤接触及吞食有害
R21/22: Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed
R21/22:皮肤接触及吞食有害
R23/24: Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
R23/24:吸入及与皮肤接触会导致中毒
R23/25: Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
R23/25:吸入及吞食会导致中毒
R23/24/25: Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R23/24/25:吸入、与皮肤接触及吞食会导致中毒
R24/25: Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
R24/25:接触皮肤或吞食将导致中毒
R26/27: Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
R26/27:吸入及与皮肤接触有剧毒
R26/28: Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
R26/28:吸入及吞食有剧毒
R26/27/28: Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R26/27/28:吸入、与皮肤接触及吞食有剧毒
R27/28: Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
R27/28:接触皮肤及吞食有剧毒
R36/37: Irritating to eyes and respiratory system
R36/37:刺激眼部与呼吸系统
R36/38: Irritating to eyes and skin
R36/38:刺激眼部与皮肤
R36/37/38: Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin
R36/37/38:刺激眼部、呼吸系统及皮肤
R37/38: Irritating to respiratory system and skin
R37/38:刺激呼吸系统及皮肤
R39/23: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/23:有毒:吸入可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/24:有毒:皮肤接触可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
R39/25:有毒:吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/23/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/23/24:有毒:吸入及皮肤接触可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/23/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/23/25:有毒:吸入及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/24/25:有毒:皮肤接触及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/23/24/25:有毒:吸入、皮肤接触及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/26: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/26:剧毒:吸入可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/27:剧毒:皮肤接触可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
R39/28:剧毒:吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/26/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/26/27:剧毒:吸入及皮肤接触可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/26/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/26/28:剧毒:吸入及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/27/28:剧毒:皮肤接触及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R39/26/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/26/27/28:剧毒:吸入、皮肤接触及吞食可能造成非常严重且不可逆的后果
R42/43: May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact
R42/43:吸入及皮肤接触可能导致过敏
R48/20: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R48/20:有害:长期吸入本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R48/21:有害:长期与皮肤接触可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
R48/22:有害:长期吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/20/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R48/20/21:有害:长期吸入本品及接触皮肤可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/20/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R48/20/22:有害:长期吸入及吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/21/22:有害:吞食或长期与皮肤接触可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/20/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/20/21/22:有害:与皮肤接触及长期吸入、吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/23: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R48/23:有毒:长期吸入本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R48/24:有毒:长期与皮肤接触可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
R48/25:有毒:长期吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/23/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R48/23/24:有毒:与皮肤接触及长期吸入本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/23/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R48/23/25:有毒:长期吸入及吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/24/25:有毒:长期与皮肤接触及吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R48/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/23/24/25:有毒:与皮肤接触及长期吸入、吞食本品可能对健康造成严重损害
R50/53: Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R50/53:对水生生物有剧毒,可能对水生环境造成长期的不良影响
R51/53: Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R51/53:对水生生物有毒,可能对水生环境造成长期的不良影响
R52/53: Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R52/53:对水生生物有害,可能对水生环境造成长期的不良影响
R68/20: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
R68/20:有害:吸入可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
R68/21:有害:皮肤接触可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed
R68/22:有害:吞食可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/20/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R68/20/21:有害:吸入及与皮肤接触可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/20/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R68/20/22:有害:吸入及吞食本品可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R68/21/22:有害:皮肤接触及吞食本品可能造成不可逆的后果
R68/20/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R68/20/21/22:有害:吸入、皮肤接触及吞食本品可能造成不可逆的后果
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